Its origin try uncertain. It’s considered that it had been developed by crossing local hens which have Fan Orpingtons. A genetic resemblance is based in the polymorphism from healthy protein loci out of eggs of Poltava Clay and you will Rhode Area Reds.
Because 1951 this new Ukrainian Institute off Chicken Breeding could have been interested in-breeding manage Poltava Clay birds on such basis as size choice to boost eggs manufacturing and you can alive pounds. Four inbred contours specialized to possess eggs design was were only available in 1966; they were bred of the mating 50 % of sibs. The common creation achieved 190-209 eggs per year with a keen eggs pounds of 54-58 g. Production of champions reached 316 eggs annually.
The brand new consolidating element out of birds because of these brand new outlines try checked-out in the get across having Light Leghorns. The creation of a couple of- otherwise about three-line interbreed hybrids was 236-240 eggs per year which have an enthusiastic egg pounds away from 53-54 grams.
Poltava Clay chickens try extensively distributed throughout the Ukraine towards the farms perhaps not focusing on poultry so that as private assets of your outlying inhabitants. In recent times the stock features diminished regarding 747 000 inside the 1974 so you can 626 000 in the 1980.
Poltava Clay birds has actually follower plumage with black ideas to flight and you will tail feathers. Ear-lobes are yellow; the latest brush are pink and you can shanks was yellow.
The fresh reproduce is actually elevated having eggs and you may meat creation. Brand new live lbs out of 8-week-dated . pullets is 0.8 kg as well as cockerels 0.9 kg; mature hens weigh dos.2 kg and you will cocks 2.6 kilogram. Ages at readiness are 170 months. The common creation of Poltava hens are 170-190 eggs annually having a weight out of 56 grams. The newest egg shell is actually brown. Virility away from egg is 95% and hatchability 88%. Success price of the younger inventory try ninety-five% as well as grownups 95%.
Poltava Clay chickens are bred to possess higher egg creation and you may eggs weight and so are utilized in autosexing crosses that have wild birds that have white Columbian plumage.
MEAT-Egg Types ADLER Silver (Adlerskaya serebristaya)
This breed was produced in the Adler poultry complex in Krasnodar territory during 1951-65 by crossing chickens of five breeds. Males of the Pervomai breed were mated with Russian White females and the F1 crosses were bred inter se. F2 progeny with a high production and viability were mated with New Hampshire males in order to improve meat qualities. The three-breed crosses were bred inter se. Offspring selected on appearance and growth rate were mated with White Plymouth Rock cocks for further improvement of meat conformation. These four-way crosses were bred inter se and their offspring were selected according to «standard» requirements. Some of these hens were mated with Yurlov cocks and the five-way crosses were bred inter se.
In making it reproduce part of the breeding strategy are group of the young inventory with the real time pounds at 60 days of age, speed from feathering, meat conformation. When you look at the for each and every age bracket, when selecting birds to the nucleus inventory, taste was given in order to specimens towards Columbian plumage trend.
The fresh stock out-of Adler birds increased constantly and by 1961 they got hit 4600 head; in the 1962 they designated 8100. During the 1962 20 pencils off similar birds was shaped manageable to test dicks towards the beef characteristics of its young children. Encouraging genealogical contours inside reproduce was in fact identified by 1965. The complete stock where seasons achieved 46 100000 and you will transformation away from hatching egg flower to help you 500 000. New breed is actually elevated in the Krasnodar and you can Stavropol regions along with Azerbaijan. Their inhabitants improved from 110 one hundred thousand inside the 1975 so you’re able to 603 100000 by the 1980.
Trait top features of the latest Adler reproduce are: both meats and you can egg production, Columbian plumage pattern, unmarried comb, Fullerton CA chicas escort yellow ear canal-lobes and you can red-colored shanks. These types of birds possess a well-set-up bones.